January 27, 2021
arabic health care beliefs
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal = La Revue De Sante De La Mediterranee Orientale = Al-Majallah Al-Sihhiyah Li-Sharq Al-Mutawassit, 12 Suppl 2 , S22-8. Epub 2012 Jan 4. Nurses need to be aware of these religious and cultural factors to provide culturally competent health promotion services for this population. Health Beliefs and Medication Adherence in Omanis With Hypertension. Beliefs about Illness. • Amulets, sweating, Koranic or Biblical readings and dietary regimens are used. •Person with most authority is usually the oldest and most educated. Muslim female gender preference in delaying the medical care at emergency department in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia. Moreover, when an immigrant Muslim family moves to a larger non-Muslim society they may adopt certain elements of their new cultural environment. That population is at an increased risk for several diseases and faces many barriers to accessing the American health care system. Such teachings have historically influenced attitudes and practices toward different aspects of life including birth, illness, and death and dying, as well as the development of political, social and economic structures. In the 7 th century C.E. the heart) under the effect of the supporting devices” (Hassaballah, 1996). When the spirit leaves: Childhood death, grieving, and bereavement in islam. Health. Retrieved 5/10/2008, fromhttp://www.english.emory.edu/Bahri/Veil.html, ILDC – islamic medical ethics. All health practitioners should be able to provide culturally competent care. NLM For example, some Muslims may perceive a sudden death or illness as a sign of punishment, or a test from God. Details: BELIEFS RELATED TO HEALTH CARE During illness, Muslims are expected to seek God's help with patience and prayer, increase the remembrance of God to obtain peace, ask for forgiveness, give more in charity, and read or listen to more of the Qur'an (the Muslim spiritual text). The following sayings of the Prophet are used to encourage patients to seek proper treatments in time of illness: “There is no disease that Allah has created, except that He also has created its remedy.” Volume 7, Book 71, Number 58, “Taking proper care of one’s health is the right of the body.” Bukhari as-Sawm 55, an-Nikah 89, Muslim as-siyyam 183, 193, Nisai, “The Prophet not only instructed sick people to take medicine, but he himself invited expert physicians for this purpose.” D.o.H. They also believe that God revealed teachings to Muhammad, which are recorded in the Islamic Holy Scripture: The Qur’an. Laird, L. D., Amer, M. M., Barnett, E. D., & Barnes, L. L. (2007). They should not be abused or neglected but maintained in good order. (Since January 2006, pork insulin for human use has no longer been manufactured or marketed in the U.S.). Shari’ah considers Muslims as one community (Ummah). p.50, As-Suyuti’s Medicine of the Prophet p.125. 2019 Apr;58(2):408-425. doi: 10.1007/s10943-018-0734-8. Devout Muslims pray (salaat) 5 times a day. In: StatPearls [Internet]. The relationship of health beliefs to specific constructs is may have less confidence in non-physician health professionals. Having an understanding of Islam helps providers to better understand Muslim patients’ beliefs and solve practical considerations for care. The Qur’an advises Muslims on their religious duties, including the Five Pillars of Islam, or religious obligations, including confession of faith, prayer, fasting, charity, and pilgrimage. 2019 Oct 25;13:1839-1850. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S228670. An islamic perspective on human genetic and reproductive technologies. Retrieved 5/10/2008, fromhttp://www.iiim.org/iiimim.html, Islamic burial guidelines – how to wash, cloth , and bury the dead body in islam. A., Allegranzi, B., Pittet, D., & WHO Global Patient Safety Challenge. Retrieved 5/10/2008, 2008, fromhttp://www.islam-usa.com, Issues in Islamic medical ethics-health care. African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, Alaskan/Native Americans, and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders are well documented ethnic minorities in the census, which is rightfully so. Alternately, those who missed the fast may pay alms in order to make up for the days they missed (002-184). National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Retrieved 5/10/2008, 2008, from http://medicaleconomics.modernmedicine.com/memag/content/printContentPopup.jsp?id=158977. World J Diabetes. A detailed explanation about differences is beyond this article’s scope and purpose. | Muslims also believe in God’s mercy and forgiveness (002:54; 004:96) . International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 8 (12), 594-597. (2004). Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Those beings are man, who was created from the earth; angels, created from light, and jinn, created from fire. Also the amount is so small, it doesn’t fit the definition of consumption.” Similar solutions might be found for insulin products derived from pork and porcine heart valves” (Pennachio, 2005). Palliative care for muslims and issues after death. Muslims avoid eating pork or drinking alcohol, and are proscribed from taking medicines that contain alcohol or pork byproducts unless they are life-saving drugs and no substitute is available. Retrieved 5/10/2008, fromhttp://www.ispi-usa.org/Med_ethics/frame.html, Sajid, A (2003). 2012 Jun;27(6):708-15. doi: 10.1007/s11606-011-1965-5. "God also says to take care of your body and that means you have to go to people in this world," Padela said. "Doctors are a part of that, but only a part. Death and Bereavement in Islam Retrieved 5/10/2008, from The Muslim Council of Britain:http://www.mcb.org.uk/downloads/Death-Bereavement.pdf, The Sunnah: Practice and law (Shari’ah and madh’habs). Muslim health-care workers and alcohol-based handrubs. Bioethics 15(5-6):461-72 Retrieved 5/10/2008, 2008, fromhttp://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1467-8519.00254 ( Note: online access limited; subscription required), Albar, MA (1996). In 1986, at the third International Conference of Islamic Jurists in Amman, Jordan, a Fatwa was issued that equated brain death to cardiac and respiratory death. Most Muslim jurists and their followers accept organ donations because it is in harmony with the Islamic principle of saving lives. Carter, D. J., & Rashidi, A. The imam’s role in meeting the counseling needs of muslim communities in the united states. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association – European Renal Association, 11 (6), 964-965. 16 Health care providers’ handbook on Muslim patients 3 . When providing care to Muslim patients, it is important to understand the impact the Islamic faith has on the provision of healthcare. According to United States Census Bureau, majority of the occupational position the Arab are managerial and professional career. J Family Med Prim Care. In medically-futile situations, in which life support equipment is used to prolong organ functions, the condition needs to be carefully explained to the family so they do not mistake DNR orders with euthanasia. Additionally, it is helpful to provide a sign requesting that medical staff return in a few minutes in order to give female patients enough time and privacy to perform their daily prayers. "Doctors are a part of that, but only a part. The American school nurse: expanding multicultural knowledge. A., Memish, Z. Muslim women’s experiences with health care providers in a rural area of the united states. There are no specific codes for medical treatment of physical illnesses in the Qur’an. Health. Those beings are man, who was created from the earth; angels, created from light, and jinn, created from fire. Believers in Islam must take care of their spiritual, emotional and physical health. Rather, they were historically based upon the Greco-Arabic medicinal sciences. Despite substantial attention paid to Arab-Americans (AAs) in the media and in public discourse, there is limited research about the health of AAs in the United States (US) in the public health literature. Understanding Islamic beliefs will assist healthcare professionals in delivering appropriate health care in a culturally sensitive manner. understand personal beliefs and behaviors. Immigration history Healthcare professionals need to be aware of privacy and touch issues, dietary practices, and unacceptable medicines. Australasian Psychiatry : Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, 12 (4), 380-385. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1665.2004.02131.x. We summarize existing research on the … We aim to provide an updated comprehensive review of the literature on Arab American physical and mental health and provide suggestions for future work in this field.Methods: A comprehensive review of the English language … Historically, there has been a close relationship between religion and medicine and its practices. Measures for basic health care in Islamic Law include diet and personal hygiene. 2011 Sep 3;378(9794):935-43. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61041-6. Some barriers, such as modesty, gender preference in healthcare providers, and illness causation misconceptions, arise out of their cultural beliefs and practices. Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation 7(2):109-14. Psychiatric Services (Washington, D.C.), 56 (2), 202-205. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.56.2.202. In Islamic tradition the difference between health and illness was, and still is, perceived as balance and imbalance or the Humoral Theory. Al-Noumani H, Wu JR, Barksdale D, Knafl G, AlKhasawneh E, Sherwood G. J Cardiovasc Nurs. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Archives of Disease in Childhood.Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 84 (1), F6-8. Retrieved 5/10/2008, from http://www.islamset.com/isc/zahrawi/awadain.html#awaid3, Islam-usa.com. ignorance about Arab and Islamic culture stand in the way of providing sensitive and quality health care to Arab patients. Muslim women are the following: (1) shame and honor principles, (2) modesty, (3) gender roles, (4) use of physical touch, (5) gender preferences of health care. Highlighted here are the values and beliefs that impact on the health experience. Historically prophetic me… •Women may defer to husband’s for their own care and the care of their children. Theoretical model of psychotherapy: Eastern asian-islamic women with mental illness. Muslims consider the Prophet Muhammad as an exemplar and they try to emulate his deeds in their own lives by following his traditions and the Qur’anic instructions. The Development and Validation of a Modesty Measure for Diverse Muslim Populations. ignorance about Arab and Islamic culture stand in the way of providing sensitive and quality health care to Arab patients. (2004). The Arab Health Care Practices There is a high priority that is placed on education among the Arabs. That was thought to cause a potential problem for Jewish, Muslim, and Seventh-day Adventist patients at this institution,” says Doha Hamza, the coordinator of Muslim volunteers at the spiritual care service department at Stanford (CA) University Medical Center. Medical Economics. Since there are no specific codes on Islamic Ethics of Organ Transplantation and Brain Deathand organ donation in the Shari’ah, there are different approaches to treatment. • Institutional care is shunned Egyptians will likely combine the present health system with traditional beliefs and customs for the purpose of healing. Carter, D. J., & Rashidi, A. Retrieved 5/10/2008, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/ottomanempire_1.shtml, Five pillars of islam. The author describes health beliefs and practices of the Arab Muslim population in the United States. HHS Archives of Suicide Research : Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research, 10 (1), 77-97. doi:10.1080/13811110500318489, Miklancie, M. A. Muslims believe that there are three types of beings that were created above animals. This ruling accelerates and facilitates the process for organ transplantation. Padela AI, Gunter K, Killawi A, Heisler M. J Gen Intern Med. Psychiatry and islam. Retrieved 5/10/2008, 2008, from http://www.islamicvoice.com, Islamset-abul qasim al zahrawi-al-tasrif. Ethics of organ transplantation: An islamic perspective. The Qur’an does not provide any specific explanation of the signs of this departure. “Cultural competence” is defined as the ability of providers and organizations to effectively deliver health care services that … During the pre-modern era, Islamic medical and other sciences leaned heavily upon local medical practices, as well as on works translated from Greek. The cultural background of different Muslim groups might influence the way in which they respond to illness and other life crises. (2006). Also it should be noted that Muslims ritually wash (Wuzu) before their daily prayers. The word “Islam” means peace and submission to the will of Allah (translated literally as “the God”); those who follow Islam are called Muslims. Presents an overview of Islamic health care beliefs and practices, noting health-related social and spiritual issues, fundamental beliefs and themes in Islam, health care beliefs and practices common among Muslims, and health-affecting social roles among Muslims. According to United States Census Bureau, majority of the occupational position the Arab are managerial and professional career. •Speak first to family spokesman. In comparison with the average American, the U.S born and foreign-born Arabs are more educated. The attitudes and practice of muslim patients using guttae medication during ramadan. This can be accomplished by understanding religious implications, perspectives on family, health, illness, diet, the … Holistic Nursing Practice, 18 (3), 152-159. (002.164 ; 003:156). Contemporary Muslims’ approach to health care is still strongly based on preventative measures. Female health care providers are usually preferred by both Muslim and Christian Sudanese women SUDANESE ETHNICITY AND BACKGROUND Most of the information presented here relates to the beliefs and behaviours of people from the south of Sudan who live in rural areas. It is believed that all creatures die at a time determined by God (029:57 ; 003:185). In hospices it is helpful to pay attention to pork product usage in the daily food menu for Muslim patients. Islam emerged in the Arabian Peninsula, or present day Saudi Arabia. Comparison of awareness of diabetes mellitus type II with treatment's outcome in term of direct cost in a hospital in Saudi Arabia. Under these circumstances it is justified to disconnect life supporting systems even though some organs continue to function automatically (e.g. Another dietary sensitivity occurs during the month of Ramadan (9th month of Hijri Calendar) when all healthy and physically able adult Muslims fast (002-183). While The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care, 18 (4), 251-255. These values include the centrality of the family unit in society, cultural health beliefs about health, illness and healing; and the importance of maintaining modesty and dignity of the patient. This article provides a short historical review about health care in Muslim experience, as well as current general information about Muslim people and their main observances and concerns in the Western health care system. Hedayat, K. M., & Pirzadeh, R. (2001). Porter, B. That population is at an increased risk for several diseases and faces many barriers to accessing the American health care system. Hathout, H. (2006). We aim to provide an updated comprehensive review of the literature on Arab American physical and mental health and provide suggestions for future work in this field.Methods: A comprehensive review of the … Suicide and islam. 2019 May;8(5):1658-1663. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_141_19. This report presents an overview of American Muslim health beliefs, 1 Smedley BD, Stith AY, Nelson AR, Institute of Medicine (U.S.). The withdrawal of support in the setting of a persistent vegetative state is less clear”. El-Hazmi, M. A. Disclaimer: EthnoMed is designed for educational purposes only and is not rendering medical advice or professional services. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! During the early period of development, Islam was influenced by different factors including the cultural practices of newly conquered lands. Sarhill, N., LeGrand, S., Islambouli, R., Davis, M. P., & Walsh, D. (2001). Retrieved 5/10/2008, from http://medicaleconomics.modernmedicine.com/memag/content/printContentPopup.jsp?id=158977, Medical ethics in Islam. Islam is one of the three Abrahamic religions after Judaism and Christianity. (2004). Caring for patients of diverse religious traditions: Islam, a way of life for muslims. The world view of Muslim patients incorporates the notion of receiving illness and death with patience, meditation and prayers (Rassool, 2000). Our bodies, the most complex of machines, are given to us by God as a trust. Health is believed to be lost through a lack of balance and moderation in one’s lifestyle. Muslims have been open to accept, use and improve non-Muslim as well as pre-Islamic healing rituals. The perceived role of God in illness and recovery is a primary influence upon the health care beliefs and behaviors of American Muslims, a first-of-its-kind study has discovered. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 92 (10), 922-926. doi:10.1136/adc.2006.104364, Lester, D. (2006). Health beliefs, practice, and priorities for health care Details: The author describes health beliefs and practices of the Arab Muslim population in the United States. The Arab Health Care Practices There is a high priority that is placed on education among the Arabs. (2005). Eye (London, England), 21 (6), 878-879. doi:10.1038/sj.eye.6702753, Simpson, J. L., & Carter, K. (2008). Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation : An Official Publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia, 15 (4), 429-432. Ahmed, Q. Since many Muslims approach illness as a test or punishment, they may wish to fast to receive spiritual or physical healing. Disability Exception for Citizenship (N-648), Five Distinct Schools of Figh, or Islamic Jurispurdence, International Conference of Islamic Jurists, equated brain death to cardiac and respiratory death, Islamic Ethics of Organ Transplantation and Brain Death. Despite substantial attention paid to Arab-Americans (AAs) in the media and in public discourse, there is limited research about the health of AAs in the United States (US) in the public health literature. Our bodies, the most complex of machines, are given to us by God as a trust. Sharia in islamic therapies for the aged. Therefore, suicide (002:195) and euthanasia are forbidden. METHODOLOGY 50 Research Design 50 Sample 51 Setting 52 Data Collection Methods 54 Protection of Human Subjects 55 Method of Data Analysis 56 Summary 57 CHAPTER 4. Cultural, religious, and social barriers to health care and ways to reduce them are examined. (2003). That population is at an increased risk for several diseases and faces many barriers to accessing the American health care system. Muslim families and family therapy. Under the rubric of wa ṣ f ā t balad ī (traditional remedies) or it ṭ ibb il-ʿ arab ī (Arabic medicine), popular healing in the Middle East comes in many forms other than saint veneration. Daneshpour, M. (1998). ERIC - EJ530162 - Islamic Cultures: Health Care Beliefs . In comparison with the average American, the U.S born and foreign-born Arabs are more educated. Given the incredible diversity of the region, … Details: BELIEFS RELATED TO HEALTH CARE During illness, Muslims are expected to seek God's help with patience and prayer, increase the remembrance of God to obtain peace, ask for forgiveness, give more in charity, and read or listen to more … of Spiritual Care, Harborview Medical Center, Community Reviewer(s): Jamal Rahman, Muslim Sufi minister, co-minister at Interfaith Community Church in Seattle, Washington. The values are general in perspective, and traditions will vary in different cultural … Retrieved 5/10/2008, fromhttp://www.sjkdt.org/article.asp?issn=1319-2442;year=1996;volume=7;issue=2;spage=109;epage=114;aulast=Albar, BBC – religion & ethics – ottoman empire (1301-1922): Introduction. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 24 (2), 84-92. Ali, O. M., Milstein, G., & Marzuk, P. M. (2005). Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 24 (3), 355-368. Arab Americans are the most frequently forgotten ethnic minority when it comes to health care across the U.S., and more so during this pandemic. Eid Adha occurs during the Hajj (pilgrimage) which celebrates the willingness of Abraham to sacrifice his son Ismael (Ishmael). Any medical decisions should be made in consultation with your doctors. They should not be abused or neglected but maintained in good order. DNR orders are acceptable: “The Islamic perspective on do-not-resuscitate orders has been described and is complex. It is helpful to have a sign on female Muslim patients’ door asking the staff to knock first before entering. (Naughton and Davis, 2001). The Arab Muslim population is one of the dramatically increasing minorities in the United States. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. El-Sendiony, M. F., & Al-Hussain, Z. The common belief is that death is the termination of all organ functions. Background: Arab Americans are a historically understudied minority group in the United States and their health needs and risks have been poorly documented. Naughton, M., & Davis, M. (2001). Within the Muslim religion, unique health care beliefs that may impact physical, social, and psychological health need to be integrated into a cultural framework within the western dominant culture of health care provisions. Alqufly AE, Alharbi BM, Alhatlany KK, Alhajjaj FS. The author describes health beliefs and practices of the Arab Muslim population in the United States. Retrieved 5/10/2008, fromhttp://www.wsu.edu/~dee/GLOSSARY/UMMAH.HTM, Ramadan: Information for Health Care Providers, What Providers Need to Know about Ramadan, Muslim Religious Observances and Diabetes. Hassouneh-Phillips, D. (2003). In Islam, life is considered sacred and belongs to God. participatory research project. Harborview Medical Center and UW Medicine will not be liable for any complication, injuries or other medical accidents arising from or in connection with the use of or reliance upon information on this website. By the end of the 19th to the beginning of the 20th centuries in many Muslim states/nations, the aim of state-sponsored health clinics was to eliminate local diseases and to provide education about reproduction. They have adopted and improvised many practices such as home-made herbal and medicinal tonics, dietary restrictions, and amulets to ward off bad spirits. To show respect, healthcare workers should ask a Muslim woman for permission to uncover parts of her body for injection, or for any other medical reasons. Included in these constructs for health beliefs of. Nurses also need to integrate Islamic teachings into their interventions to provide appropriate care and to motivate healthy behaviors. (USA) (Clouten, 2006). Issues in islamic biomedical ethics: A primer for the pediatrician. "God also says to take care of your body and that means you have to go to people in this world," Padela said. Arab norms stress the importance of politeness and generosity in social interaction. (2007). Strength and vulnerability: Spirituality in abused american muslim women’s lives. At the time of death of a loved one, Muslims usually are supported by their community of affiliation and mosques. Bioethics, 21 (3), 169-178. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8519.2007.00540.x. Muslims follow dietary requirements that may affect compliance with prescriptions. “We investigated the issue with an Imam and a Muslim doctor who concurred that the use of porcine heparin is lawful because of the chemical modification the product undergoes and the urgent need involved. Islamic medical ethics: A primer. Palliative care for muslim patients. Eid Mubarak and Eid Adhaare two of the most important holidays which all Muslims recognize. That population is at an increased risk for several diseases and faces many barriers to accessing the American health care system. Discussing do-not-resuscitate status: Furthering the discourse. Islamic Beliefs That Affect Health Care Practices Serah A. Guilbe Framingham State University Muslim Values and Beliefs on Health Care Practices Culture is a very powerful influence and health care providers in general must be sensitive to it. Related to this, Muslim women cover their head and body in various Islamic coverings (Hijab), according to the custom of their country of origin. The Muslim population in the US is very diverse and colorful. Ethics of genetic counseling–basic concepts and relevance to islamic communities. One of the most significant changes in Islamic history occurred toward the end of the Ottoman period. When experiencing physical illness, Muslims have also been open to the rituals and medicinal practices of different traditions, including those of non-Muslims. | Due to differences between local personal habits, different interpretations of the Shari’ah developed during the early period of Islam. “The following requirements should be met before transplantation: (1) a transplant is the only form of treatment available; (2) the likelihood of success is high; (3) the consent of the donor or next of kin is obtained; (4) the death of the donor has been established by a Muslim doctor; (5) there is no imminent danger to the life of a living donor; and (6) the recipient has been informed of the operation and its arrangement for ritual body wash” (Sarhill, N., LeGrand, S., Islambouli, R., Davis, M. P., & Walsh, D. (2001). Cultural, religious, and social … Retrieved 5/10/2008, fromhttp://www.parkridgecenter.org/Page1946.html, Islamic voice. | Hedayat, K. (2006). The definition of death in Islam is the departure of the soul from the body in order to enter the afterlife. Islamic ethics of organ transplantation and brain death. (ii) Complete stoppage of all vital functions of the brain which are decided to be irreversible by doctors and the brain has started to degenerate. Eid Fitr celebrates the final day of Ramadan. Muslim rulers in these regions had to be rather flexible and they adopted and improvised many existing local practices; therefore, innovations in health care practice were accepted provided that they did not conflict with Islamic Law (The Sunnah: Practice and Law (shari'ah)). providers, and (6) spiritual beliefs that may influence the Muslim women’s. The cultural gap delivering health care services to Arab American populations in the United States. Illness Perceptions, HbA1c, And Adherence In Type 2 Diabetes In Saudi Arabia. As the result state-supported public and local health clinics were established and local therapeutic traditions experienced decline. If death occurs in a hospital or hospice, the face of the deceased person or his/her bed should be turned toward Mecca (in a northeast direction in the United States). With a growing Muslim population in many parts of the world - including 2.7 million Muslims in England and Wales (Office for National Statistics, 2011) and nearly 77,000 in Scotland (National Records of Scotland, 2011) - it is reasonable to assume that nurses frequently encounter Muslim patients in the healthcare system and … Yet despite official Islamic opposition, popular healing practices continue unabated, attesting to their power and importance in the minds of ordinary Muslims. Therefore, it can be very helpful and comforting to provide Muslim patients and their families a copy of the Qur’an and access to a private space to perform their daily prayers. Therefore, if a patient desires to engage in this practice, extra effort will be needed from the medical team and nurses to help the patient meet this requirement. Usually at a time of necessity Muslims follow the general rule that “necessity dictates exception” (016:115 ; 012:068 ; 006:145 ): “Porcine heparin, for example, contains gelatin from pork products, and is the only heparin universally used. Those who are ill, menstruating, lactating or pregnant or those who are traveling are not expected to fast. While European medical practices were strong influences in early modern Muslim societies, it should also be noted that the sciences in Europe did not arise in a vacuum. USA.gov. From an Islamic perspective, health is defined as a state of physical, psychological, social and spiritual wellbeing and is viewed as one of the greatest blessings God has bestowed on humankind. •Same sex caregivers may be preferred. Having an understanding of Islam helps providers to better understand Muslim patients’ beliefs and solve practical considerations for care. Those who miss the Ramadan fast may fast once they become healthy, or once they have returned to their homes. Social work and the house of islam: Orienting practitioners to the beliefs and values of muslims in the united states. The author describes health beliefs and practices of the Arab Muslim population in the United States. Muslims believe that there are three types of beings that were created above animals. There are many values and beliefs within the Arab culture. While fasting during the month of Ramadhan is compulsory for all healthy, adult Muslims, Islam also prescribes other days which Muslims may choose to observe a voluntary fast.
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